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Thursday, December 8, 2011

Art Blakey


Arthur "Art" Blakey (October 11, 1919 – October 16, 1990), known later as Abdullah Ibn Buhaina, was an American Grammy Award-winning jazz drummer and bandleader. He was a member of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.Jazz drummer Art Blakey grew up in a religious family, and he learned to play the piano in church. He gigged in Pittsburg clubs as a pianist, and later switched to the drums. Guided by swing drummer Chick Webb, Blakey developed great skill at the instrument, and he began to make a name for himself while performing with pianist and composer Mary Lou Williams.
In 1939, Blakey joined Fletcher Henderson’s band, and later played with bandleader Billy Eckstine. In that group, Blakey had the opportunity to play with Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie. He contributed to the development of the bebop style of drumming, pioneered by drummers Kenny Clarke and Max Roach. By the late 1940s, Blakey was one of the top drummers on the scene, playing with musicians such as Miles Davis and Thelonious Monk. In 1948, Blakey visited West Africa, where he was exposed to Islam and to the polyrhythms in African music. This visit had a profound impact on his life and work. He began to consider himself a Muslim, and took the name Abdullah Ibn Buhaina. He also sought to infuse bebop with a soulful and powerfully rhythmic drive, sewing the seeds of the hard bop style. In 1954, Blakey formed a quintet with pianist Horace Silver, bassist Curly Russel, saxophonist Lou Donaldson, and trumpeter Clifford Brown. They recorded the seminal album Live at Birdland, Vol. 1. This album marked the beginnings of the Jazz Messengers, which Blakey later dubbed his small ensembles. The Jazz Messengers became a pinnacle group of the 1950s and early sixties, and launched the careers of many legendary jazz musicians.
Blakey populated the Jazz Messengers with the most talented young musicians. At one time or another, his group included Wayne Shorter, Freddie Hubbard, Lee Morgan, Hank Mobley, and Benny Golson, and decades later, contemporary stars such as Wynton Marsalis, Terence Blanchard, and Kenny Garrett. Playing in Blakey’s group was practically a pre-requisite for becoming a serious jazz musician. Since Blakey didn’t compose very much, band members could hone their composing skills.

The Jazz Messengers continued in various forms throughout the decades, through peaks and valleys of critical and commercial success. Wynton Marsalis and the “Young Lions” of the 1980s and ‘90s, adopted Blakey’s emphasis on soulfulness and swing, which paved the way for the modern straight-ahead school of jazz.

Art Blakey died of lung cancer in 1990, just after his 71st birthday. To this day, his propulsive drumming style and the body of work he spurred by leading the Jazz Messengers are regarded as two essential elements of jazz history.

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as a leader :

1953
  • Art Blakey & the Jazz Messengers(Birdland)
1954
1955
  • At the Cafe Bohemia(Blue Note)
1956
1957
  • Art Blakey & His Rhythm(Columbia)
  • Once Upon a Groove(Blue Note)
  • Ritual: The Modern Jazz Messengers(Blue Note)
  • Orgy in Rhythm(Blue Note) altrn
  • Mirage (Savoy)
  • Tough! (Cadet)
  • Reflections on Buhania (Elektra)
  • Jazz Messengers Play Lerner and Loewe (VIK)
  • Theory of Art (Bluebird/RCA
  • A Night in Tunisia (RCA/Bluebird)
  • Art Blakey/John Handy: Messages (Roulette)
  • Dawn on the Desert (Jubilee)
  • Midnight Session (Savoy)Flac
  • Art Blakey & the Jazz Messengers Live (Calliope)
  • Art Blakey & the Jazz Messengers (Bethlehem)
  • Art Blakey Big Band (Bethlehem)
  • Cu-Bop (Jubilee)
  • Second Edition (Bluebird/RCA)
1958
1959
  • Africaine(Blue Note)
  • At the Jazz Corner of the World (Blue Note)
  • Les Liaisons Dangereuses (Polygram)
  • Paris Concert: Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers (Portrait)
  • Live in Stockholm (Dragon)
  • Live in Copenhagen (Royal)
  • Paris Jam Session (EmArcy)
1960
1961

  • A Day with Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers(Eastwind)
  • Live: Olympia 5-13-61(Trema)
  • Paris Jazz Concert (RTE)
  • A Jazz Hour with Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers: Blues March (Movieplay)
  • Pisces(Blue Note)
  • Roots & Herbs(Blue Note)
  • The Witch Doctor(Blue Note)
  • The Freedom Rider(Blue Note)
  • Mosaic(Blue Note)
  • Buhaina's Delight(Blue Note)
  • Art Blakey!!!!! Jazz Messengers!!!!!(Impulse!)
1962
1963
  • Ugetsu(Riverside)
  • Selections from the Film: Golden Boy (Colpix)
  • A Jazz Message(Impulse!)
  • Blues Bag (Affinity)
1964
1965
  • 1965-Soul Finger(Limelight)
1966
1968
  • Art Blakey Live! (Trip)
1970
  • Art Blakey & the Jazz Messengers (Catalyst)
1971
  • For Minors Only (WestWind)
1972
  • Vol. 1 Child's Dance
1973
  • Anthenagin (Prestige)
  • Buhaina ( Prestige)
  • Vol. 2 Mission Eternal
1976
1977
  • Gypsy Folk Tales (Roulette)
  • In My Prime(Timeless)
1978
  • Reflections in Blue(Timeless)
  • Live Messengers (recorded 1954, 1961, 1962)(Blue Note)
  • In This Korner (Concord Jazz)
1979
  • Night in Tunisia (Polygram)
  • One by One (Palcoscenico Records)
1980
  • Jazzbuhne Berlin '80 (Repertoire)
  • Live (Kingdom Jazz)
  • Art Blakey in Sweden (Evidence)
  • Live at Montreux and Northsea(Timeless)
1981
  • Album of the Year(Timeless)
  • Straight Ahead ( Concord Jazz)
  • Killer Joe: Art Blakey & George Kawaguchi (Storyville)
1982
1983
  • Aurex Jazz Festival '83 (East Worl
1984
  • Super Live ( Baystate)
  • New York Scene (Concord Jazz)
1985
  • Live at Ronnie Scott's (DRG)
  • Live at Sweet Basil (GNP)
  • Farewell (Paddle Wheel)
  • Buhaina: The Continuing Message (Affinity)
  • Live at Kimball's (Concord Jazz)
  • Hard Champion (Evidence)
  • Dr. Jeckyl (Evidence)
  • New Year's Eve at Sweet Basil (Evidence)
  • Blue Night(Timeless)
1986
  • Feeling Good (Delos)
1988
  • Standards (Paddle Wheel)
  • Not Yet(Soul Note)
  • I Get a Kick out of Bu(Soul Note)
1989
1990
  • Chippin' In(Timeless)
  • One for All (A&M)

as a sideman:

1944-1947

1947
1950
  • Sonny Stitt-Kaleidoscope
1951
1952
1953
  • Buddy De Franco - Mr. Clarinet
  • Kenny Drew Trio- New Faces, New Sounds
  • Gerry Mulligan With Chet Baker And Buddy DeFranco
  • Clifford Brown - Memorial Album
  • Paul Bley - Introducing
1954
  • Annie ROSS - King Pleasure Sings,Annie Ross Sings
  • Horace Silver-Safari
  • Thelonious Monk Trio-Thelonious Monk Trio
  • Joe Gordon - Early Sessions
  • Elmo Hope - Trio and Quintet
  • Thelonious Monk-Monk
  • Sonny Rollins - Moving Out
  • Thelonious Monk -The Complete Black Lion And Vogue Recordings
  • Thelonious Monk & Sonny Rollins
1955
  • Earl Bud Powell - Vol. 2-Burning In U.S.A.
  • Clark Terry - Swahili
  • Randy Weston - Solo, Duo & Trio
  • Kenny Dorham - Afro-Cuban
  • Julius Watkins - Julius Watkins Sextet Vols. 1 & 2
  • Hank Mobley Quartet
  • Herbie Nichols - The Prophetic Herbie Nichols, Vol. 1
  • Herbie Nichols - The Prophetic Herbie Nichols, Vol. 2
  • Duke Jordan - The Street Swingers
  • Gigi Gryce - Nica's Tempo
1956
  • Thelonious Monk - The Unique
  • Rita Reys - The Cool Voice Of Rita Reys
  • Stan Getz Special vol. 1
  • VA - 4 Lessons in Jazz
1957
  • Hank Mobley and His All Stars
  • Milt Jackson - Plenty, Plenty Soul
  • Jimmy Smith-A Date With Jimmy Smith
  • Jimmy Smith - The Sound Of Jimmy Smith
  • Jimmy Smith -At The Organ
  • Clifford Jordan & John Gilmore -Blowing in from Chicago
  • Hank Mobley Quintet
  • Johnny Griffin - A Blowin' Session
  • Thelonious Monk – Monks Music
  • Sonny Rollins Volume 2
  • John Coltrane-The Bethlehem Years
1958
1959
  • Blue Mitchell - Out Of The Blue
  • Various - New Blue Horns
  • Sonny Clark - My Conception
  • Kenny Burrell - On View At The Five Spot Cafet Cafe
  • Benny Golson-Groovin' With Golson
1960
  • Lee Morgan -Here's Lee Morgan
  • Hank Mobley - Soul Station
  • Dizzy Reece - Comin' On!
  • Lee Morgan-Lee-Way
  • Bobby Timmons - Soul Time
  • Wayne Shorter - Second Genesis
  • Art Blakey - Philly Joe Jones - Charlie Persip - Elvin Jones_Gretsch Drum Night At Birdland
  • Lee Morgan-Expoobident
  • Hank Mobley - Roll Call
  • Lee Morgan and Wayne Shorter-The Complete Vee Jay Sessions
  • Gigi Gryce - Nica's Tempo
1961
  • Thelonious Monk With John Coltrane
1963
1964
  • Lee Morgan - Tom Cat
1971
  • Giants Of Jazz In Berlin' 71
  • Thelonious Monk-Something In Blue
  • Thelonious Monk-The Man I Love
  • Dizzy Gillespie & Thelonious Monk-Unissued In Europe
1972
  • Jimmy Smith jazz Set - More Jam Session and the Jimmy Smith jazz Set
  • Giants of Jazz-Giants of Jazz
1980
  • Wynton Marsalis - Best Of The Early Years
1988
  • Freddie Hubbard -Feel the Wind
1990
  • Bluesiana Triangle-Bluesiana Triangle


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10 comments:

Self-Science said...

Wonder post Vel Kam. I needed some Art in my life.

Anonymous said...

Dope Post! This blog is amazing!!!! Brer Soul By Melvin Van Peebles would be a great post also....thank you so much for this.

Anonymous said...

This is an utterly amazing collection! Thank you!

Unfortunately, the Kenny Burrell - Swingin' (1958) link points directly to a rapidshare file that is password protected. Can you provide either the PW or the original source webpage, please?

Thanks again!
-Davide

Vel_Kam said...

Thanks,anonimous.I find it link with help searching engine,but web now open only for invaited people/In one or two hour I'll updatin' this link from my collection,by the way this link from
http://jazzy62-jazzyblues.blogspot.com/2009/05/kenny-burrel-swingin.html

pass is: "jazzy62",i think

Anonymous said...

Thank you Vel_Kam, " jazzy62 " is the correct password: worked like a charm. Thanks again ...
-Davide

Anonymous said...

Another one needing a password is the 1981 album "Straight Ahead": again the links point straight to the Rapidshare files but there is no indication of the password. Can you please help with this one as well?

Thank you,

Davide

Vel_Kam said...

Thank you David for your help ... I'm sorry, unfortunately unknown site on the links that require a password, but I replaced them with new ones is not password protected.

Anonymous said...

Hi, Vel_Kam

Another set of files lacking a password is the FLAC alternative set for Dexter Rides Again (1947); however, in this case I located the password myself: it is ' connoc ' for anyone who needs it. The direct link to the blog containing it is http://avaxhome.ws/music/jazz/DexterGordonDexterRidesAgain.html .

By the way, the first link for that album (http://www.zona-musical.com/postt381113.html) doesn't seem to work -- it points to a very nice album by Fats Navarro instead.
Thanks again for this wealth of hard bop music.
-Davide

Vel_Kam said...

Tnx,Davide again...All corrected.

Fernando said...

Just discover this album Art Blakey & the Jazz Messengers - Child's Dance, Vol 1. Could you respost it? Thanks for all your work on this blog!

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